Armorial of Béarn
(2) Dominique Desclaux-Mesplès, bishop of Lescar for 1681, had been married with lady Louise de Mesplès, heiress of the house of Mesplès, before enter in the orders. He had, by this union, a son, Paul Joseph, who has registered his arms in the armorial of Béarn (no 32), and a daughter, Jeanne Mary de Mesplès, wife of Jean de Hiton, baron of Claracq, coat of arms of office in the no 232.
M. of Lescar is of the same opinion as the Lord commissioners. He demands, in beyond measure, that their procedure is annexed at the present patent (2), to serve such an end as reason, and when, in the number of the persons who doesn't must be subject obtains the vote, he one appoints expressly the people of the church and the women who didn't have separate coat of arms or link their arms to those of their husbands (3).
Wise providence of the president of the States! The bishop didn't forget the clergy confided in his attentiveness and wished he would dispense of the inauspicious imposition established by the edict of November 1696. We won't make this a crime: the vicars of the province, nearly all poor, are well worthy of these considerations. The Lords commissioners they were not, of the remainder, given the example, in proposing to execute the edict when against the persons, corps and communities use of coat of arms, and not against the individuals and specially the possessors of noble lands who had never dreamed to serve them? Now, some Béarnais of a strong honest rank, among whom some admitted to the States in the corps of the nobility, disdained all heraldic emblems and didn't wear, in their seals, either numbers or figures of animals.
(LEGALEZE IS HARD ENOUGH TO UNDERSTAND IN ENGLISH)
For the names of townships and of lordships, it is not difficult. We adopt the official present spelling, following by the example of (missed) Paul Raymond, archivist of the Basses-Pyrénées. As for names of persons, when we encounter a difference of considerable spelling, in the analyzed contracts, we should believe we attribute signatures, which appear alone decide the question in a sufficient manner, especially in the XVIII century.
Notice, again, that the manuscript of the Armorial has, sometimes, the name correctly spelled, but preceded by the letter N..., used when the copyist ignored the forename of the emblazoned individual. When the identification appeared certain to us, we replaced the letter N..., become useless, with the forename between brackets. This is for example as one reads in the article 599: Jacques de Debat, in the place of N.. de Debat.
Finally, he was, we believe, indispensable to bringing proofs to the support of our affirmations. We have then, in this goal, gone extensively into the departmental and communal archives of the Basses-Pyrénées and, with the continued rectifications of names, we always give the analysis of contracts a perfect authenticity, sometimes even, biographic and genealogical notes.
Has three faces, the 1st of azure with a gold (estoille), the 2nd of gold with a red face, the 3rd of green with a plain reed in a silver river, [which is Desclaux], part of gold with three red tarts (pies) each full of a gold crescent [which is de Mesplès] - (10).
I. - Paul Joseph Desclaux-Mesplès, alias d'Esclaux and Desclaux de Mesplès, born about 1655, was the son of Dominique Desclaux, Lord and baron of Doumy (c. 731 fo 7), successively counselor, president in the parliament of Navarre and bishop of Lescar, from 1681 to 1719, and Louise de Mesplès. This last one was heiress of one branch of the house of Mesplès, and a clause of her wedding contract with Dominique Desclaux was that her husband would take the name and the arms of Mesplès (2) - Mary Desclaux de Mesplès, sister of Paul Joseph, incurred wedding (was married), the 10 May 1690, with noble Jean de Hiton, baron of Claracq, and was emblazoned to office in no 232 of the Armorial. - His brother, Jean-Ignace Desclaux de Mesplès, was received counselor in the parliament of Navarre the 2 April 1700 (B. 4544, fo 252), and did exercises these functions until 1718 (B. 4576, fo 173, vo)
Paul Joseph Desclaux-Mesplès qualified baron of Doumy and of Navailles, first baron of Béarn. The 25 August 1682, his father had made a donation of the barony of Doumy to him, a fief which permited him to be seated in the States of Béarn. (C. 739). He entered strong and young into the judiciary and was
(1) Variant of register some armoiries paint: Desplet.
(2) Béarnaise society in the XVIII century, page 192.
1   Jeanne-Victoire-Henriette, who follows;
2   And Marie-Philippe of Navailles-Mirepeix, was born in Pau, the 1st of May 1771, and baptized, the following day; - godfather: messire Galatoire of Navailles-Subercaze, abbot of Asson, former officer in the regiment of Navarre, lieutenant of the marshals of France and commander of one battalion in the regiment of the Béarnais gangs; - godmother: damsel Mary of Noguès-Assat. (A. C. GG. 136, fo 23.)
M. de Mesplès, attorney general, was complaining to the Court of the bad state of the jails, in the presence of M. du Bois de Baillet, intendant, was going to withdraw, his rapport ended, when the latter stopped him and, taking him by the hand, tells him in a strong sour tone: "Stop, Sir, stop, I have something tell to you, there is nothing as beautiful as the goodwill with which a magistrate begins to take his commission and wishes to distinguish himself in the public; but there is nothing as odious as when the interest and the passion clouds this appearance of goodwill which is about only by the motives of hate and of mischief". After some explanations on the jails, the intendant added that he required the attorney general to do his duty, and again raising his voice more, he says: "I am still young, but I will learn you to do your profession", and he concludes by repeating and swearing the name of God that the attorney general would do well to learning his profession. - The first president intervened and said to M. du Bois that he appeared in this occasion, like in many others, to have built his speech on a foundation all opposite to the truth. - M. de Mesplès having wanted to interrupt the first president, M. du Bois exlaimed: "Let M. the attorney general speak, he knows well to make his apology himself". - This last one praying the Court listen to him, the intendant resumed: "Eh! speak, I will listen to you until eternity, although you are a lengthy and tiresome discourser" M. de Mesplès had hardly said a word when M. du Bois (apostrophized) him and says to him with anger that he should know to walk right. - The attorney general answered: "Sir, we know what is the extent of your power, and as it happens the Boundaries of it, we know well to whom we address for you put back there". - He withdrew, when the intendant called him "beardless juvenile". - M. de Mesplès returned and said to the Court that he wouldn't answer further to the insults, but that he implored of it to complain to the king. - On what, M. du Bois, raising the hand, exlaimed two times: "Yes, my god, the king!"
Paul Joseph Desclaux-Mesplès obtained, the 9 November 1717, the provisions of the president with mortar in the parliament of Navarre. (B. 4577, fo 20).
(1) Accounts on the direction in Béarn, page 20.
29 of April 1685: Contract of marriage between sir Paul Joseph Desclaux-Mesplès, baron of Doumy, counselor of the king and attorney general in the parliament of Navarre, and damsel Jeanne de Gassion. It is said Lord Desclaux-Mesplès was aided by: sir Desclaux-Mesplès, counselor of the king in his Counsel, bishop of Lescar, his father; sirs Galatoire de Marca, counselor of the king in his Counsels and president in the Navarre parliament; baron de Oroignen, counselor of the king in the said parliament; de Bordenave, counselor of the king and master of the Counts in the Chamber of the Counts of Navarre; de Mesplès, baron of Aren; de Mesplès, baron of Susmiou; de Mesplès, baron of Esquiule; de Navailles, baron of Angais and syndic (chief) general of the country of Béarn; de Bidou, viscount of Saint Martin; noble Pierre, Lord de Momas; and noble Jean de Badet, Lord of Plasence, his parents. The damsel de Gassion was aided by: sir Gratian de Gassion, lieutenant general of the armies of the king, and by lady Mary d'Arridole, his wife, her father and mother (1); of sirs: Pierre, marquis of Gassion, viscount of Montboyer, counselor of the king in his Counsels and president in the parliament of Navarre; Antonin du Pont, counselor of the king in his Counsels and first president of the Chamber of the Counts of Navarre; de Capdeville, counselor of the king in the said parliament; de Bordes, also counselor in the said parliament; de Gassion, Lord of Gayon, counselor of the king in the said Chamber of the Counts; nobles Jean de Fouron, Lord of Artiquelouve, and of Planterose, Lord of Légugnon, treasurer general of Navarre; the abbot of Arridolle, Lord of Giliberry, etc. (E. 2060, fo 66).
(1) Jeanne de Gassion had a brother, sir Pierre de Gassion, who died in Pau, the 28 of August 1740, (master) of camp of the cavalry and ensign of guards in the corps of the king. He was buried, the 29 of August, in the church of Saint Martin, in the presence of sir Dominique Desclaux-Mesplès, his nephew, counselor of the king in his Counsels, president in the Navarre parliament, and first baron of Béarn, and of sir Gratian Desclaux-Mesplès, also his nephew, (master) of camp of the cavalry, lieutenant colonel in the Dauphin Calvary regiment. (A. C. GG. 39. fo 24, vo).
1 Dominique Desclaux-Mesplès, who follows;
2 Gratian Desclaux-Mesplès, born and baptized in Pau, the 10 of March 1688. He had for godfather: sir Gratian de Gassion, lieutenant general of the armies of the king; and for godmother: lady Esther de Gassion, widow of M. de Crez, Lord of Barzun. (A. C. GG. 7, fo 283, vo) - Gratian Desclaux-Mesplès was (master) of camp and lieutenant colonel of the Dauphin cavalry regiment, in 1741, and died marshal of camp of the armies of the king;
3 Pierre Desclaux-Mesplès, canon of the cathedral of Lescar;
4 Jean-Ignace Desclaux-Mesplès, first canon of Lescar, then abbot of Pérignan and high priest of the bishop of Oloron;
5 Charlotte-Thérèze Desclaux-Mesplès, baptized in Pau, at the age of twenty-four years, the 1 December 1730. (A. C. GG. 21, fo 21) - She married, the 10 February 1741, in the church of Saint Martin of Pau, sir Francis de Planterose, counselor of the king, treasurer general of the finances of Navarre. (A. C. GG. 41, fo 9);
6 Henreitte Desclaux-Mesplès;
7 Mary Marie-Catherine Desclaux-Mesplès, nun in the convent of Sainte-Ursule of Pau. - was born the 26 January 1689, she was (billowed) the following day, and was baptized, in the convent of Sainte-Ursule, the 21 September 1724. - She was, in this era, nun professes. (A. C. GG. 15, fo 64)
8 and 9 Two other girls nuns.
21 February 1759. - Decree of the parliament of Navarre between sir Pierre d'Esclaux-Mesplès, canon of the church cathedral of Lescar, damsel Henriette de Mesplès and lady Charlotte d'Esclaux-Mesplès, authorized wife with the sir de Planterose, brother and sisters, on one hand, and sir Dominique d'Esclaux Mesplès, honorary president in the parliament of Navarre, their
II. - Dominique Desclaux-Mesplès, baron of Navailles and of Doumy, Lord of Angos, (C. 779, fo 15), was born in Pau, the 24 April 1687, and was baptized the following day. His godfather and godmother were: Mgr Dominique Desclaux-Mesplès, bishop of Lescar, and lady Mary d'Arridole, wife of sir Gratian de Gassion, lieutenant general of the armies of the king. (A. C. GG. 7, fo 188, vo) - He had rendered more than twenty two years of services, in the rank of substitute prosecuting attorney general and of attorney general in the parliament of Navarre, when he was appointed, the 12 January 1738, honorary counselor in the same parliament. (B. 4583, fo 14, vo)- He replaced his father, as president with mortar, the 26 March 1740, (B. 4584, fo 98), and was provided the letters of honorary president in the Court, the 21 May 1751. (B. 4587, fo 23) - The 20 November 1725, M. d'Aignan of Sendas, priest general of Mgr the archbishop of Auch, gave the bridal blessing, on the Isle of Noé, to sir Dominique Desclaux-Mesplès and to damsel Marie-Thérèse de Colbert, of the parish of Saint-Soulle, in Aunis, diocese of the Rochelle. (A. C. GG. 15 fos 147 and 169, vo) - From this union came: Joseph Paul Francis, who follows.
III. - Joseph Paul Francis Desclaux-Mesplès, knight, marquis of Cléry, baron of Navailles, Lord of the noble house and abbot of Giliberry of Charre and of the noble house of Laurets of Jurançon, known under the name of baron de Mesplès (1), was born in Pau, the 4 October 1729. He was baptized, the same day, and was held in the founts by sir Paul Joseph Desclaux-Mesplès, counselor of the king in his Counsels and president with mortar in the parliament of Navarre, his ancestor, and by damsel Henriette de Mesplès, his aunt, who held the position of godmother for lady Charlotte de Colbert, marquise of Noé, (aunt of baptized). (A. C. GG. 20, fo 6) He preferred the arms in the judiciary and was captain of the dragoons in the regiment of Thianges, the 18 March 1757, when he was received in the States of Béarn, by the noble house of Laurets, located in Jurançon, fief which had been given him by his father (C. 796, fo 359).
(1) Joseph Paul Francis Desclaux-Mesplès was received in the States of Béarn in the rank of Lord of the noble house of Giliberry, of Charre, the 5 February 1749, (C. 782, fo 138) - He was Lord of Giliberry as a beneficiary of his father.
The Chenaye-Desbois gave the genealogical remarks on the lineages of Desclaux and of Mesplès (3)
(1) The Member of Parliament of Jurançon, more generous and more (courteous) towards the Lord of Laurets than their colleagues of the Grand-Corps and of third state, propo-
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1   Jean Marc of Marrenx, who follows;
2   Jean Jacques, priest, who resigned, the 1st July 1727, the prebendary of the royal chapel of Saint-Grégoire found in Orthez and served in the church of Saint Martin, of Pau (G. 297); he was vicar of The Bastide-Cézéracq, since the 27th of May 1693, and died the 20th of October 1729 (1);
3   And Jean of Marrenx, who served, first, in the guards of the marine, and was Jesuit.
7   Salvat Croix [de Casamajor] de Charitte, born the 14th of September 1749, and presented at the baptism, the following day of his birth, by Salvat, marquis of Salha, and lady Marie-Louise of Charitte. (A. C. GG. 64, fo 24, vo)
8   Marie-Louise [de Casamajor] de Charitte, united, in 1752, to Salvat, baron, alias marquis of Salha, widowed since 1776. - From this marriage came the baron of Salha, who was minister of Jerome-Bonaparte, king of Westphalie (1).
9   Mary Elizabeth [de Casamajor] de Charitte, was born and baptized in Pau, the 2nd of July 1738. (A. C. GG. 31, fo 17);
10   Marie-Louise-Bernadine [de Casamajor] de Charitte, was born the 20th of August 1739, and baptized the following day of her birth. (A. C. GG. 34, fo 56, vo) - She married François André de Mesples, baron of Aren, and emigrated, the 2nd of July 1792 (2) - Died in Aren, the 23 May 1810.
11   Ursule [de Casamajor] de Charitte, was born and baptized the 5th of September 1745. (A. C. GG. 52, fo 29, vo) - She emigrated during the Revolution, just as her family, and died in Benavente, the 30th of November 1801.
12   and Mary [de Casamajor] de Charitte, was born and baptized, the 28th of February 1742, (A. C. GG. 43, fo 8, vo), bride to messire Joseph of Perpigna, counselor in the parliament of Navarre. - She died in Pau, the 28th of March 1817, at the age of seventy five years, leaving a son, Charles Marie, viscount of Perpigna, who was mayor of the town of Pau, under the Restoration.
(1) Picamilh, Statistics of the Basses-Pyrénées. volume 1, page 402.
(2) Joseph Lochard, Ephémérides of Béarn and of Basque country, page 103.
Of silver with three faces of azure and a golden [pairle] (broaching?) on it all.- (8.)
Antonin de Mesplès, first vicar of Idron and of Nay, then canon of the chapter of Lescar, was one of the junior sons of noble Paul of
(1)   One different Hand wrote: Desclaux. - This name isn't found on the register of the painted coat of arms.
18 December 1690: Appointment to the parish of Idron of noble Antonin of Mesplès of Aren, of the diocese of Oloron, tonsure clerk (monk) and bachelor in theology from the Faculty of Toulouse, (G. 286.)- 10 March 1693: Taking possession of the parish of Nay, vacant by the demise of sir de Lajus, by noble Antonin de Mesplès-Aren, priest, bachelor in theology and vicar of Idron. (G. 286.)- 8 February 1695, in Aren: Pacts of marriage between sir Pierre de Mesplez, former captain in the regiment of Navarre, and damsel Esther de Day. The future husband is aided, in this act, by: sir Jean Paul of Mesplez, baron of Aren, theological canon of Oloron, his eldest brother; sir Anthonin de Mesplez, theological canon of Lescar [his younger brother]; noble Jean of Casemajour [Casemajor, alias Casamajor], Lord of Vianne, his brother-in-law; sir Dominique d'Esclaux-Mesplez, counselor of the king in his counsels, bishop of Lescar, his uncle; sir Jacques [d'Abbadie] of Oroignen, counselor of the king in his counsels and president with mortar in the parliament of Navarre, his uncle; sir Paul Joseph d'Esclaux-Mesplez, baron of Navailles and Doumy, counselor of the king in his counsels and his first attorney general in said parliament, his cousin; sir Gabriel de Vignes (Grapevines), baron of Sault, his cousin-german (first cousin); sir Anthonin de Mesplez, baron of Gabaston, his uncle; sir Jean-César de Mesplez, baron of Esquiule, his cousin; sir Jean-Ignace de Mesplez, canon of Lescar, his cousin; sir Joseph de Vignes, abbot of Vignes; noble Pierre de Laborde-Bastanès, sir de Lasserre, his uncle; noble Jacques Chasot, sir de Born‚ (limited), his close ally; and others of his close relatives and friends; - the said damsel Esther de Day is aided by: sir Hierosme de Day, counselor of the king and treasurer general of the house and crown of Navarre, Lord of Soumoulou, her father; lady Catherine of Nays, her mother; sir Denis de Day, baron of Gardéres, her eldest brother; noble Pierre de Day, of Bordeaux (Maroon), her uncle; noble Bernard de Day, treasurer of the States of Béarn, her uncle; M. Daniel de Day, attorney in the parliament, her cousin; sir Pierre Loyard, counselor of the king in said parliament of Navarre, her uncle; sir Samson de Nays, baron of Labassère, her uncle; noble Pierre de Nays, her uncle; and other close relatives and friends. - In favor of this wedding. "the aforesaid Lord baron of Aren, elder brother, gives and relinquishes to said Lord de Mesplez,
"The twelfth November one thousand seven hundred (1700), died, in the communion of the church, noble Antonin de Mesplès-Aren, nicknamed de Piets, theological canon of the church cathedral of Lescar, after receiving, with much piety, the sacraments of the penitence, of the holy eucharist and of the extreme unction. His body was buried, the following day, in the said church cathedral and the holy church services were done to (for) him by M. de Caplane, canon, following the convention of chapter.
The House of Mesplès formed several branches of which the main is known, in the last century, under the names of Mesplès-Aren, Mesplès-Esquiule and Mesplès-Susmiou. - The branch of Mesplès-Aren fell in distaff (maternal side of family), in the beginning of the XVIII century, in the person of Jeanne de Mesplès-Aren (2), sister of the canon emblazoned in the Armorial, who married before the 8 February 1695, noble Jean de Casemajor, alias Casamajor, Lord of Vianne (nos 325 and 326 of the Armorial) - The children descended from this marriage abandoned their patronymic name (father's name) and took up the name and the arms of Mesplès-Aren.
The arms of the Mesplès are: golden with three red tartes (circles) full of a crescent of silver (3), alias golden)
We will give, hereafter, the genealogical notes on the various branches of this family (4)
(1)   communal Archives of Lescar, civil State, GG. I.
(2)   Béarnaise society in the XVIII century, page 129.
(3)   The Chenaye-Desbois, Dictionary of the nobility, 1775, volume X, page 102, verbo Mesplez.
(4)   See the numbers 325, 326 and 406 of the Armorial, supplement.